Judo: a relatively modern Japanese martial art (created in 1882). The goal of judo is to either throw or takedown one’s opponent to the ground and immobilize or subdue them with a grappling maneuver, joint lock, strangle hold, or choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet or weapons are only allowed in pre-arranged forms (kata), and are not allowed in competition or free practice.
Jiu Jitsu (Jujitsu, Jujutsu): a Japanese martial art for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Practitioners neutralize an enemy with pins, joint locks, and throws by using an attacker’s energy against him, rather than directly opposing it (as with other martial arts such as karate). There are five main areas or arts of training: blocking, fulcrum throw, non-fulcrum throw, escaping, and striking.
Disclaimer: Parts of this information is from online sites including Wikipedia and some are personal views / interpretations. There is no intention be negative towards any of the individual arts. It is provided here to be general information only for the benefit of readers. We respect all arts and have the view that there is no perfect art. It is recommended for all students to find the art that suits there own personal needs, preferences, fitness levels, and interests.